NELSON MANDELA is one of the world’s most famous statesmen who led the fight against apartheid in South Africa.
In an effort to free his country from racial segregation, he led a fundamentally peaceful revolution, culminating in his release from prison in 1990 and the post-apartheid elections in 2009. 1994, which helped him be elected the first president of a democratic South Africa.
Why was Nelson Mandela in prison?
First as a lawyer, then as an activist and finally as a guerrilla leader, Mandela headed for a collision with state power that would change the fate of himself and his country. grandfather.
The late 1950s and early 1960s were a time of increasing turmoil in South Africa, as African nationalists allied with the Communist Party of South Africa to challenge the apartheid regime.
In protesting by force, the ANC launched an armed struggle with Mandela at the forefront.
He was arrested and charged with treason in 1956. After a five-year trial, Mandela was acquitted.
But by now the ANC had been banned and so Mandela set out on a secret trip to ask for help from other African nations emerging from colonial rule.
However, in 1962, he was arrested and sentenced to 5 years in prison. Other charges, of vandalism, resulted in a life sentence that saw him spend 27 years behind bars.
Following the sentencing, there were pro-Mandela protests in the UK as well as a world petition calling for his release, which was forwarded to the UN Secretary-General.
When was Mandela released?
It was a day that shook the world – Sunday, February 11, 1990.
Nelson Mandela was released unconditionally after 27 years.
He walked freely with his then-wife Winnie and was driven 40 miles to Cape Town by Rose Sonto of the African National Congress (ANC).
Along the route there were thousands of supporters.
He then appeared in front of 50,000 people on the balconies of City Hall and thanked “millions of my compatriots and those in every corner of the world who have campaigned tirelessly for my release”.
He died on December 5, 2013, at the age of 95.
How long did Mandela spend in prison before being released?
Despite the world movement demanding his freedom, Mandela ended up serving 27 years in prison until the apartheid regime ended.
He was sentenced to life in prison on June 12, 1964, and released on February 11, 1990.
Mandela was initially imprisoned on Robben Island, a former leper colony, for 18 years.
In 1982, he was transferred to Pollsmoor Prison outside Cape Town and later served at Victor Verster Prison.
In 1980, long-exiled Oliver Tambo introduced a “Nelson Mandela freedom” campaign.
The British ska band The Specials released the single “Free Nelson Mandela” in 1984 and peaked at #9 in the chart.
On 11 June 1988, a concert was held at Wembley with George Michael, the Bee Gees and Sting to mark Mandela’s 70th birthday.
https://www.the-sun.com/news/4664084/nelson-mandela-prison-why/ Why did Nelson Mandela go to prison and when was he released?