SCLERODERMA is a condition that results in areas of thickened and hardened skin
Although it is relatively uncommon, it can sometimes cause problems with internal organs and blood vessels in the most severe cases.
What is scleroderma?.
Scleroderma is caused by the immune system attacking the connective tissue under the skin and around the internal organs and blood vessels.
This causes scarring and thickening of tissue in these areas.
There are several different types of scleroderma that can vary in severity.
Some types are relatively mild and can eventually improve on their own, while others can lead to serious and life-threatening problems.
There is no cure for scleroderma, but most people with the disease can lead full and productive lives.
What are the symptoms of scleroderma?
The specific symptoms and appearance of scleroderma depend on the type of scleroderma, John Hopkins Medicine report.
However, the majority of people with scleroderma will notice changes in their skin, typically areas of the body that are hard and tight – sometimes appearing shiny.
Scleroderma can affect small areas of the body — like ovals or lines — or it can cover any area of the body.
Mild versions of the condition can sometimes affect the underlying bones and muscles and also limit mobility.
In more severe cases, known as systemic scleroderma, this condition can affect internal organs as well as the skin.
It usually starts with Raynaud’s, signs include:
- pins and needles
- Difficulty moving the affected area
Then other symptoms appeared:
- poor circulation in fingers and toes
- thickening of the skin on the hands, feet and face
- red spots on skin
- hard lump under the skin
- swallowing problem
Diffuse systemic sclerosis will also lead to:
- weight loss
- joint pain and stiffness
- shortness of breath
- High Blood Pressure
What scleroderma can you treat?
Scleroderma symptoms can often be controlled with a variety of different treatments.
Common treatments include:
- Medicines to improve circulation
- Medicines that slow the progression of the disease
- Steroids to relieve joint and muscle problems
- Moisturises affected areas to help soften skin and relieve itching
- Various medications to control other symptoms (such as pain, heartburn, and high blood pressure)
- Forms of physical therapy to relieve muscle tension
In cases of severe symptoms, surgery may be necessary.
https://www.the-sun.com/health/4429922/scleroderma-symptoms-treatment/ What is scleroderma?