Lifestyle

What is colonoscopy?

COLON cancer is a disease that can affect anyone.

Despite having a family history of colon cancer and being over 50 years old increases the risk, most people with the condition have no family history.

Your doctor may use an endoscopy to look at the reason for your stomach upset, rectal bleeding, persistent constipation, chronic diarrhea, and other intestinal problems.

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Your doctor may use an endoscopy to look at the reason for your stomach upset, rectal bleeding, persistent constipation, chronic diarrhea, and other intestinal problems.Credit: Getty Images – Getty

What is colonoscopy?

Based on Mayo Clinic, colonoscopy is a procedure that examines the large intestine –– colon –– and rectum to identify changes or abnormalities.

A colonoscope, a long, flexible tube, is placed into the rectum during a colonoscopy. The doctor can see inside the colon thanks to a small video camera at the tip of the tube.

Polyps or other abnormal tissue may be removed through the laparoscope during the procedure if required. Although most polyps are not dangerous, some can be precancerous.

Colonoscopy polyps are sent to a laboratory for investigation to determine if they are malignant, precancerous, or noncancerous.

Depending on the size and number of polyps, you may need to follow a more rigorous monitoring program in the future to look for new polyps.

When should you buy one?

The American Cancer Society recommends that people at risk for colorectal cancer begin screening at age 45.

This can be done through a stool-based test, a sensitive test that looks for evidence of cancer in a person’s stool, or a visual examination of your colon and rectum.

Colon cancer screening should continue until age 75 in people who are in good health and have a life expectancy of more than 10 years.

Test selection for adults aged 76 to 85 should be based on the person’s preferences, life expectancy, overall health, and past screening history.

People over the age of 85 are no longer encouraged to get screened.

The test itself takes about 20 minutes after a day of preparation to empty the colon

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The test itself takes about 20 minutes after a day of preparation to empty the colonCredit: Getty Images – Getty

What are the risks?

Based on Heathline.com, while colonoscopy is safe, there are many circumstances that can cause complications during the examination. If polyps are removed during the test, your risk of complications is increased.

The risks are as follows:

  • Intestinal perforation
  • Bleeding
  • Post-polypectomy coagulation syndrome
  • Reaction to anesthetic
  • infection

Colonoscopy is an effective method of screening for colon cancer, rectal cancer and other diseases.

They are extremely safe, but not completely risk-free. However, it is still recommended to avoid future health complications.

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PaulLeBlanc

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