How the time you go to bed can ‘predict your risk of killer diabetes’

Scientists say night owls are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than those who pass out early.

US researchers have found that people who stay awake around the clock and get up late are at 19 percent higher risk.

Night owls are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than people who get out of bed early

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Night owls are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than people who get out of bed earlyPhoto credit: Getty

The author Dr. Tianyi Huang of Brigham and Women’s Hospital said sleep patterns are “partly genetic, so it may be difficult to change.”

“People who think they are ‘night owls’ may need to pay more attention to their lifestyle as their evening chronotype could increase the risk of type 2 diabetes,” he added.

By chronotype, scientists mean an individual’s natural tendency to seek activity and sleep at different times.

The research team previously found that people with more irregular sleep schedules have a higher risk of developing diabetes and heart disease.

They also found that people with evening chronotypes are more likely to have irregular sleep patterns.

For the new study, they wanted to understand the connection between chronotype and diabetes risk and therefore also examined the role of lifestyle factors.

The team analyzed data from more than 63,000 nurses and took into account self-reported chronotype – the extent to which participants perceived themselves as an evening or morning person, as well as diet quality, weight and body mass index (BMI). Sleep times and drinking and smoking habits.

About one in nine participants said they had a “definite evening” chronotype, while just over a third (35 percent) said they had a “definite morning” chronotype.

The remainder were classified as “moderate,” meaning that they were either neither morning nor evening type or were only slightly more one than the other.

Evening chronotype was associated with a 72 percent increased risk of diabetes, without accounting for lifestyle factors.

Taking these factors into account, an evening chronotype was associated with a 19 percent increased risk of diabetes.

Of those in the study who were thought to have the healthiest lifestyles, only six percent had evening chronotypes.

However, according to results published in the Annals of Internal Medicine, 25 percent of those with the unhealthiest lifestyles were evening chronotypes.

It has been found that individuals with evening chronotypes are more likely to drink larger amounts of alcohol, eat poor quality foods, get fewer hours of sleep per night, smoke, and gain weight, BMI, and physical activity in the “unhealthy” range have. Range.

First author Dr. Sina Kianersi said: “When we controlled for unhealthy lifestyle habits, the strong association between chronotype and diabetes risk decreased but remained, meaning that lifestyle factors explain a significant proportion of this association.”

The research team found the association between evening chronotype and diabetes risk only among nurses who worked day shifts and not among those who worked night shifts.

Dr. Tianyi said: “When chronotype was not aligned with work hours, we saw an increase in the risk of type 2 diabetes.”

“This was another very interesting result, suggesting that more individualized work scheduling could be beneficial.”

The team now plans to study genetic determinants of chronotype and its association with heart disease and diabetes.

Dr. Sina added: “If we can establish a causal relationship between chronotype and diabetes or other diseases, doctors could better tailor prevention strategies for their patients.”

Type 2 diabetes is a serious condition in which the insulin produced by your pancreas cannot work properly or your pancreas does not produce enough insulin.

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This means your blood sugar levels continue to rise.

Without treatment, it can cause serious organ damage such as eyes, heart and feet, heart attack and stroke, as well as kidney problems and sexual problems.

Type 2 diabetes – what symptoms occur?

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the insulin produced by the pancreas cannot work properly or the pancreas cannot produce enough insulin.

This means that blood sugar levels become too high.

Treatment for the condition includes medication and changes to your diet and activity level to control your blood sugar levels.

Symptoms of type 2 diabetes to look out for, according to the NHS, include:

  1. Peeing more than usual, especially at night
  2. Constant feeling of thirst
  3. I am feeling very tired
  4. Lose weight without trying
  5. Itching in the penis or vagina area or recurrent occurrence of thrush
  6. Cuts or wounds that take longer to heal
  7. Blurred vision

Aila Slisco

Aila Slisco is a Dailynationtoday U.S. News Reporter based in London. His focus is on U.S. politics and the environment. He has covered climate change extensively, as well as healthcare and crime. Aila Slisco joined Dailynationtoday in 2023 from the Daily Express and previously worked for Chemist and Druggist and the Jewish Chronicle. He is a graduate of Cambridge University. Languages: English. You can get in touch with me by emailing: ailaslisco@dailynationtoday.com.

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