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How Does Autism Spectrum Disorder Affect Children

Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disability that can cause significant social, communication, and behavioral challenges. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), autism spectrum disorder affects 1 in 68 children in the United States. Boys are more likely to be diagnosed with ASD than girls. This article will explore how ASD affects children in school and at home.

School can be difficult

ASD is a spectrum disorder, which means that the symptoms and severity of ASD can vary greatly from person to person. Statistics show that autism prevalence in kids can be caused by several different medical conditions as well. Some children with ASD may be able to function relatively well in a mainstream school, while others may need special education services or even be home-schooled. Generally, though, the school can be a difficult environment for children with ASD. They may have trouble making friends, following rules, and paying attention in class. As a result, they may get bullied or teased by their classmates. Some children with ASD may also be unable to speak or communicate effectively, which can make it difficult to participate in class. 

  • Trouble making friends 

Children with ASD often have difficulty making and keeping friends. They may not understand how to interact with other children or pick up on social cues, such as body language and facial expressions. As a result, they may come across as aloof or insensitive. Other kids may avoid them because they seem “weird” or “different.” This can be a major source of isolation and loneliness for children with ASD. Nevertheless, there are many ways to help children with ASD make friends. Social skills training, for example, can teach them how to better interact with their peers. 

  • Following rules can be challenging

It can also be difficult for children with ASD to follow rules. This is because they may not understand why certain rules exist or how to follow them. For example, a child with ASD may have trouble understanding personal space and boundaries. As a result, they may stand too close to other people or invade their personal space without realizing it. This can make other children feel uncomfortable and cause them to avoid the child with ASD.

  • Paying attention in class

Many children with ASD also have trouble paying attention in class. This is because they may be easily distracted by their surroundings or fixated on a certain object or topic. As a result, they may miss important instructions or information. Additionally, children with ASD may have difficulty processing information. This means that they may have trouble understanding what they’re hearing or reading. As a result, they may struggle to keep up with their classmates.

At home

Some children with ASD may have difficulty sleeping, eating, or playing. They may become agitated or aggressive when they are frustrated. Some children with ASD may also have sensory processing issues, which can be a challenge for parents and caregivers. Children with ASD may benefit from therapies and interventions that can help them manage their symptoms and improve their ability to function.

  • Difficulty sleeping

When a child has ASD, they may have difficulty sleeping. They may be unable to fall asleep or stay asleep for a long period. This can be a major challenge for parents and caregivers. Children with ASD may also have difficulty eating. They may be picky eaters or have trouble chewing or swallowing food. This can make mealtimes a challenge for the whole family.

  • Sensory processing issues

Some children with ASD may also have sensory processing issues. This means that they may be oversensitive to certain sounds, tastes, smells, textures, or lights. They may also be undersensitive to these things and seek out stimulation by touching or licking objects or people. These sensory issues can be a major challenge for children with ASD and their families.

Therapies and interventions

Many therapies and interventions can help children with ASD. Applied behavior analysis, for example, is a type of therapy that can help children with ASD learn new skills and reduce problem behaviors. This is because it uses positive reinforcement to encourage desired behaviors. Other therapies, such as occupational therapy and speech therapy, can also help children with ASD improve their skills and communication. For instance, occupational therapy can help children with ASD who have difficulty with everyday tasks such as dressing or eating while speech therapy can also be helpful for children with ASD who have difficulty communicating. 

  • Parent training

Parent training is another intervention that can be helpful for families of children with ASD. This includes education and support for parents so that they can better understand ASD and learn how to manage their child’s behaviors. Parent training programs provide parents with information and support to help them better understand and manage their child’s symptoms. These programs can also help parents learn how to advocate for their children in school and other settings. More often than not, having a child with ASD can be a challenge. But with the right supports in place, children with ASD can thrive.

  • Support groups

Support groups can also be a valuable resource for families of children with ASD. These groups provide parents with information and support from other people who are dealing with similar challenges. Support groups can also be a place for parents to share tips and advice. To find a support group in your area, you can contact your local autism society or search online. There is also the option for you to start your support group. This way, you can connect with other parents in your area who are dealing with similar challenges.

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Treatment for ASD is ongoing and should be tailored to the individual child’s needs. With proper support, children with ASD can lead happy and fulfilling lives. However, the challenges associated with ASD can be significant. If you are a parent or caregiver of a child with ASD, it is important to seek out resources and support to help your child thrive. Rest assured that with a little bit of extra help, your child can reach their full potential.

Huynh Nguyen

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