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At Mexico-U.S. Security Talks, Migration Question Is Largely Avoided

MEXICO CITY — America and Mexico started overhauling an aged safety settlement on Friday to raised confront the movement of felony exercise between the 2 nations, however officers on the high-level talks conspicuously sought to keep away from specializing in the ever-growing migrant crisis on their shared border.

It was a putting omission, given the 1000’s of individuals, largely from Central America and the Caribbean, crowded on the Mexican facet of the border, many in squalid camps, searching for entry to america.

And it underscored the inertia in each governments for locating a broad resolution for managing the disaster, significantly after the U.S. Supreme Court in August rejected President Biden’s efforts to let some migrants in by easing asylum restrictions imposed by the Trump administration.

As a substitute, the highest diplomats and immigration, protection, financial and authorized officers from Mexico and america started discussing on Friday a alternative to the Mérida Initiative, a safety settlement signed in 2008.

That compact noticed hundreds of thousands of {dollars} in weapons movement from america authorities to its counterparts in Mexico and Central America as half of a bigger plan to fight drug trafficking. Nevertheless it did not dismantle felony organizations or restore safety; as a substitute, because the settlement was signed, Mexico has skilled some of the worst violence it has ever seen.

Immigration was not utterly ignored on Friday: Each side mentioned the migrant disaster was mentioned in the course of the talks, together with over breakfast with President Andrés Manuel López Obrador.

Secretary of State Antony J. Blinken mentioned at a news convention that collaboration between america and Mexico in managing migrants “has by no means been stronger” and advised that each nations would enlist different regional leaders to help, partly by specializing in the broader financial and social points driving migration.

“We wish the Mexico-U.S. relationship to be about extra, far more, than immigration and safety,” Mr. Blinken mentioned.

However officers mentioned the brand new safety settlement would principally deal with how one can cease human traffickers and different felony smugglers as a substitute of the broader drawback of refugees and financial migrants caught on the border.

Mexico’s overseas secretary, Marcelo Ebrard, mentioned the brand new bilateral settlement — a three-year deal is predicted to be accomplished in January — may very well be a sturdy framework to create extra jobs in Mexico and Central America whereas strengthening safety cooperation. By specializing in growth, Mexican officers consider the brand new settlement might additionally assist stem migration to america.

“For Mexico, it’s a precedence to reopen actions on the border,” Mr. Ebrard mentioned, referring to a choice final yr by america to shut land crossings on the border with Mexico to stem the unfold of the coronavirus. “They understand it’s a precedence, nonetheless it was not the target of right this moment’s assembly.”

In Washington on Friday, 15 Democratic senators and Senator Bernie Sanders, impartial of Vermont, urged Mr. Blinken and Alejandro N. Mayorkas, the Homeland Safety secretary, to make sure that Haitian migrants are protected — each these making an attempt to enter america and people deported. Latest photos of U.S. Border Patrol officers on horseback corralling Haitian migrants in Texas had been met with widespread anger and drew added consideration to a damaged immigration system.

“Guaranteeing the integrity of U.S. borders is of utmost significance, and isn’t incompatible with the elemental obligation to respect the dignity, humanity and rights of all people searching for entry to america,” the senators wrote in a letter Friday.

On Friday, the Biden administration raised the refugee admissions goal to 125,000 for 2022. “A strong refugee admissions program is a cornerstone of the president’s dedication to rebuilding a secure, orderly, and humane migration system,” Mr. Blinken mentioned in an announcement.

Mexican officers hope the brand new safety settlement will focus much less on going head-to-head with drug traffickers and as a substitute take a look at the causes of dependancy — treating it as a medical concern, not a felony one — and deal with the dire financial situations that propel underemployed youth to affix drug organizations.

The Mérida Initiative partly targeted on what is called the “kingpin technique” to seize or kill main drug traffickers. Nevertheless it did not stamp out the movement of medicine from Mexico and Central America, and the following era of traffickers was able to take the place of these captured or killed.

Mexico’s precedence on the talks is to discover a strategy to scale back the astronomical ranges of violence which have swept the nation because the inception of the Mérida Initiative. In 2008, 12.6 murders had been recorded for each 100,000 individuals in Mexico; by 2018 that quantity had soared to 29, in line with World Financial institution information.

“The Mexicans need to say we ended this factor, we ended this factor that kicked off a really violent chapter for Mexico,” mentioned Carin Zissis, the editor in chief of the Americas Society and Council of the Americas.

The violence is the results of two elements, analysts consider: the Mérida Initiative’s deal with all-out battle with drug gangs and lax gun legal guidelines in america which have led to 1000’s of weapons being smuggled into Mexico and Central America annually.

Throughout the Obama administration, america reduce some safety funding over considerations about human rights abuses by Mexico’s authorities. These considerations haven’t abated: Final yr, the State Division concluded in its annual human rights report that Mexican safety forces and different authorities officers had tortured prisoners, engaged in arbitrary arrests, dedicated violence in opposition to journalists and exploited kids for labor.

An indication of how the negotiations are progressing, Ms. Zissis mentioned, shall be whether or not brokers from the Drug Enforcement Administration are allowed to work in Mexico once more. Mexico has withheld visas for D.E.A. brokers because the arrest final yr of Gen. Salvador Cienfuegos Zepeda in California, a former protection minister, on suspicion of aiding drug traffickers. The arrest set off outrage throughout the Mexican authorities, which demanded the overall’s extradition after which moved to curb cooperation with the D.E.A.

Forward of Friday’s talks, Mr. Blinken, Mr. Mayorkas and Legal professional Common Merrick B. Garland met with Mexico’s president.

“There are different occasions in historical past the place we distanced ourselves, however there are additionally issues that unite us,” Mr. López Obrador mentioned on the presidential palace. “We have to perceive one another.”

https://www.nytimes.com/2021/10/08/world/americas/mexico-blinken-migration-security.html | At Mexico-U.S. Safety Talks, Migration Query Is Largely Averted

Aila Slisco

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