“Bani-Sadr was lively within the early Nineteen Sixties within the emergence of the second Nationwide Entrance and performed a number one position in its pupil part,” the Iranian American historian Fakhreddin Azimi stated in interview for this obituary. “After the revolution, as president in essentially the most unfavorable circumstances, he endeavored to depend on Khomeini’s assist and good will, in addition to on his personal recognition, to chase away or decelerate the rise of clerical supremacy.”
“His efforts, given the disarray of broadly secular forces really or doubtlessly favorable to him and the power of the clerics to win over Khomeini, had been doomed to failure. With the lack of Khomeini’s assist, his destiny was sealed,” he stated.
Mr. Bani-Sadr was born on March 22, 1933, right into a household of pious landowners in Hamadan, Iran, stated to be one of many world’s oldest cities. After learning regulation, theology and sociology at Tehran College, he moved to Paris, the place he spent a number of years within the Nineteen Sixties learning on the Sorbonne. He was caught up within the pupil motion and led protests towards the regime of Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlavi.
Data on Mr. Bani-Sadr’s survivors was not instantly accessible.
Within the Nineteen Seventies, Mr. Bani-Sadr met Ayatollah Khomeini, a pal of his late father, who had additionally been a cleric. They had been reunited in Paris after Ayatollah Khomeini was exiled there in 1978.
In one of many twentieth century’s most spectacular political collapses, the shah fled Iran on Jan. 16, 1979. Ayatollah Khomeini, who had directed the revolution from exile, returned residence two weeks later. Within the broad-based authorities that the ayatollah put in, Mr. Bani-Sadr served as deputy minister of finance, then minister of finance, and eventually as minister of overseas affairsWith the ayatollah’s blessing, Mr. Bani-Sadr simply received the presidential election of Jan. 25, 1980. The ayatollah, nevertheless, had secured approval of a structure giving him energy to dismiss presidents at will. Over the subsequent 18 months, he directed Mr. Bani-Sadr’s rise and fall.
In his first weeks in energy, Mr. Bani-Sadr labored to carry order to the shambles that had been left by the collapse of the shah’s authorities. Nonetheless, he was shortly distracted by the hostage disaster.
https://www.nytimes.com/2021/10/09/obituaries/abolhassan-bani-sadr-dead.html | Abolhassan Bani-Sadr, Former Iranian President, Dies at 88